According to the U.S Department of Transportation (DOT) and International Air Transport Association (IATA), hazardous materials pose a risk to health, safety, property, or the environment. The hazardous materials, also known as HAZMAT, are classified into two; physical hazards and health hazards.
Physical hazards are grouped based on their physical or chemical properties, such as flammability, reactivity, or corrosiveness to metal. On the other hand, health hazards are grouped based on the ability of the products to cause health issues, such as respiratory problems when the substance is inhaled or irritation to the skin.
Based on the hazards caused by the substances, you require formal training to ship them. Hazmat training aims at creating safety awareness and reducing accidents. The training is subdivided into three categories, namely: general awareness or familiarization training, security awareness training, function-specific training. Dot Hazmat Shipper Training offers both online and in-person training for hazmat shipping.
General Awareness Training
The training is designed to familiarize you with the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) and help you stay safe around Hazmat. It enables you to meet the listed HMR requirements though not exhaustively. It generally covers determining the hazard and how to communicate the risk.
The training helps you determine if a material is hazardous, identify the requirements you must receive as a hazmat employee, and indicate the Hazmat’s table importance. It also helps you determine what makes material unsafe and communicates materials’ hazards using shipping papers, markings, labels, and placards, among others.
Security Awareness Training
The course is designed to introduce you to the security risks that come with the hazmat transportation process and how you can use it to enhance security, spot possible security threats, and respond to them immediately.
It covers the importance of Hazmat security, risk reduction, and in-depth security training. At the end of this course, you will be able to recognize the hazmat security risks and how to minimize them, identify suspicious behavior, and how to report them. You will also be able to know the precautions drivers should take to keep Hazmat while on transit.
Function Specific Training
It provides a detailed explanation of HMR that you should adhere to and perform. The training differs following the responsibilities you endeavor to take, and also the different company needs.