Categories: Health

A Detailed Note On Gum Disease- Its Types, Symptoms & Treatment

May 30, 2016

With the arrival, acceptance and implementation of modern medical equipment and techniques, it has become quite easy for doctors to identify a particular disease and its types on the basis of its symptoms and then offer right treatments for healing it.

In fact, it is quite important to recognize the symptoms of a particular disease when it comes to offering an appropriate treatment for it right in the initial stage itself. One such progressive disease, gum disease or periodontal disease continues growing or progressing provided the fact that the patient suffering from it is unable to identify that he is having such a problem and then fails to take a right treatment for it. It is really important that you identify as soon as possible that you are suffering from this disease and then proceed with its treatment.

The same concept applies to gum disease as well which can progress into different stages ranging from mild inflammation of gums to a serious stage wherein the infection affects the entire gum line and start damaging the teeth.

In America alone, a wide range of adults are affected by some sort of gum disease, which proves to be ultimately unhealthy for their oral health.

Why Do You Suffer From Gum Disease?

Your mouth offers a suitable condition for the formation and development of oral bacterial. Oral bacteria and food particles that remain in your mouth even after having food, help in forming a substance called “plaque” on teeth which becomes hard later on if you fail to remove it. Once the plaque becomes hard it is called tartar, and both plaque and tartar contain millions of bacteria which start infecting your gums and teeth slowly and will ultimately result in gum disease.

However, plaque can be removed by regular brushing and flossing, but tartar cannot. In other words, brushing and flossing are just not enough for eliminating tartar from your teeth, and hence, it becomes necessary to consult a dentist and then go for a professional cleaning. This simply indicates that tartar cannot be removed without going for professional dental cleaning.

The speed at which your disease heals largely depends on how effectively you are taking care of it.

Different Types Of Gum Diseases Are Described Below-

Gingivitis – The Earliest Stage Of Gum Disease

Gingivitis is the very first stage of gum disease, which can be elucidated as an oral infection characterized by the mild inflammation of gums. If gingivitis is diagnosed effectively as it starts to occur, it can be cured simply by maintaining high standards of oral hygiene, which can be accomplished by regular brushing and flossing.


Another form of gum disease is periodontitis, which occurs when you fail to heal gingivitis. That means if the initial stage of the periodontal disease (gingivitis) is left untreated, it starts to progress quickly and turns into something called periodontitis- which affects your teeth seriously. In the case of periodontitis, the bacterial infection doesn’t remain limited to gums alone and hence it starts infecting the bone that offers tremendous support to the teeth.

Since the bone supporting the teeth also gets infected, the bacterial infection finally damages the teeth. Most of the time a person having periodontitis, can end up losing his/her entire tooth.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

  • Bad Breath is one of the most common sign of gum disease
  • Reddened and swollen gums are again an important indication of gum disease
  • If you feel pain while chewing food, this could also mean you may be suffering from gum disease
  • Receding gums and loose teeth
  • And bleeding gums

Treatment for Gum Disease

  • Gingivitis can be healed simply by regular brushing and flossing
  • However, when it comes to periodontitis you need to consult a dentist
  • Both surgical and non-surgical treatments are available for periodontitis
  • Flap surgery and bone and tissue grafts are common examples of surgical treatments for gum disease
  • However, professional dental cleaning can be treated as a non-surgical treatment for the same
  • Treatment products such as PeriActive and PerioPatch can also be used for controlling inflammation of gums
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Andrew Crosby

Andrew is a professional blogger and has experience of writing on wide range of topics like different food, health , traveling and lifestyle. He enjoys learning about varieties of wellness issues and staying up-to-date on the latest technology trends.

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