Atopic dermatitis is a pruritic, chronic, inflammatory skin disease that can occur in both children and adults. The clinical features of this skin disease include erythema, skin dryness, crusting and oozing as well as lichenification. Pruritus is the distinguishing feature of atopic dermatitis and is behind the burden of the disease for both the patients and their families.
Healthcare professionals do not need lab tests in order to identify if you have atopic dermatitis. They usually examine your skin and look at your medical history. In some cases, they might utilize patch testing in order to rule out other skin diseases. In case you suspect that a certain type of food might be causing you or your child a rash, it is better to ask your doctor to identify potential food allergies.
Atopic dermatitis can be a persistent disease. On that premise, you might have to try a variety of treatments over months or even years in order to control it. Even if the treatment is successful, there is a possibility that signs and symptoms might return. That being said, it is best to research atopic dermatitis resources in order to recognize the symptoms and to start treatment early on.
In terms of medication for atopic dermatitis, creams that help repair skin dryness as well as control the itching are usually prescribed to you by doctors. These creams are usually applied after you moisturize your skin. You can also use drugs that fight infection. For instance, if you have an open sore or a bacterial infection, your doctor might prescribe an antibiotic cream that should be taken for a short time in order to treat the infection. In addition to that, oral drugs with high effectiveness, such as prednisone, can also be taken in case you have a severe case.
There are several types of therapy that can help you deal with atopic dermatitis. These therapies include light therapy, which is used for people who flare right after therapy, wet dressings, which are effective for severe atopic dermatitis cases, in addition to counseling and relaxation modification. The latter can be of great benefit to you if you scratch habitually or if you are embarrassed and frustrated with your skin disease.
Atopic dermatitis can be a very frustrating, embarrassing and stressful skin disease for both children and adult patients. On that premise, it is best if you see a doctor as early on as possible and seek psychological support from family, friends and counselors.